Origins of the "Macaron" name
The word "macaron" comes from the Italian word "macaroni" or "maccherone". According to "Les Origines de la Langue Francaise", it is defined as "a pasta dish with cheese'". Indeed, the word macaron was used on an egg-based pasta dish, but also as the well known cookie which was prepared with a similar recipe but adding almonds. These macarons were more similar to a marzipan though than a cookie. The name came about because almond paste was the main ingredient in this ancient macarons. This almond paste was introduced initially to Italy "near the year 1500" (Museum of macaron, Monmorillon). It remains as a dry cookie which was consumed more as a food product than a dessert.
"Let them eat Macarons"
When Louis XIV chosen to live in the Castle of Versailles in 1682, macarons were served to the King and it was the tradition until Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette. The officers of mouth named Dalloyau, ancestors of those who will establish in 1802 the house of gastronomy of the same name, were served macarons to the King and it was the tradition until Louis XVI and his wife Marie-Antoinette.